Salmonine introductions to the Laurentian Great Lakes

an historical review and evaluation of ecological effects by Stephen Scott Crawford

Publisher: NRC Research Press in Ottawa

Written in English
Published: Pages: 205 Downloads: 978
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Places:

  • Great Lakes (North America)

Subjects:

  • Salmonidae -- Ecology -- Great Lakes (North America) -- History.,
  • Introduced fishes -- Great Lakes (North America) -- History.

Edition Notes

StatementStephen S. Crawford.
SeriesCanadian special publication of fisheries and aquatic sciences,, no. 132, Canadian special publication of fisheries and aquatic sciences,, 132.
ContributionsNational Research Council Canada.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsQL638.S2 C82 2001
The Physical Object
Paginationxiv, 205 p. : ill. (some col.) ;
Number of Pages205
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL3748848M
LC Control Number2003430979

introductions include 25 non-indigenous fish species in the Laurentian Great lakes (Mills et al. ). By the ’s excessive fishing and interactions between native and exotic species caused the collapse of lake trout, lake herring, and deepwater cisco populations in the Great Lakes (Hile et al. ; Jensen ; Coble et al. ). Laurentian Great Lakes since before the turn of the 19th century. Fishery exploitation (due to an Introduction The Laurentian Great Lakes have experienced numerous ecological changes since their stocks, salmonine stocking programs, and control of nutrient and toxic substances as the successes. The Great Lakes, also called the Great Lakes of North America, are a series of large interconnected freshwater lakes in the upper mid-east region of North America that connect to the Atlantic Ocean through the Saint Lawrence general, they are on or near the Canada–United States are lakes Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie, and Ontario. Salmonine introductions to the Laurentian Great Lakes: an historical review and evaluation of ecological effects. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences [Google Scholar]). After eggs were reared to fry, Michigan hatcheries functioned as sending systems, delivering salmon smolts to recipient tributaries in lakes.

The classic example is the Galapagos (Darwin's) finches, thought to have begun their radiation a few million years ago, comparable with Lake Baikal and the African Great Lakes (Grant and Grant, ). The Laurentian Great Lakes (LGL) have existed long enough for some intrageneric speciation (Todd et al., ) and microevolution (Crowder, ). Laurentian Mountains, mountains forming the Quebec portion of the Canadian Shield, particularly the area partially bounded by the Ottawa, St. Lawrence, and Saguenay rivers. It is one of the oldest mountain regions in the world and consists of Precambrian rocks (those more than million years. Abstract The Laurentian Great Lakes of North America provide valuable ecosystem services, includ-ing fisheries, to the surrounding population. Given the prevalence of other anthropogenic stressors that have historically affected the fisheries of the Great Lakes (e.g., . salmonine species. To understand how salmonines are adjusting to a changed ecosystem, we collected 1, stomachs from five salmonine species in Most fish were caught by Lake Michigan anglers surveyed by the Great Lakes Mass Marking Program, a multi-agency project coordinated by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

  Abstract. RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS Future declines of the binational Laurentian Great Lakes fisheries: the importance of environmental and cultural change 1 1* * 1 1 2 2 3 3 J Jo oh hn n D D R Ro ot th hlliis sb be er rg ge er r,, D Da av viid d M M L Lo od dg ge e,, R Ro og ge er r M M C Co oo ok ke e,, a an nd d D Da av viid d C C F Fiin nn no of ff f It . The Laurentian Great Lakes and smaller glacial lakes dominate upper Midwest landscapes where they provide a variety of ecosystem services and in some cases are the bases for entire communities. Unfortunately, anthropogenic activities have contributed towards the degradation of many of these systems. Agriculture, timber harvest, and residential development have collectively contributed . INTRODUCTION: #1 Great Lakes Fisheries in both countries the chapters of this book were written by respected great lakes scientists from federal state and great lakes fisheries management and policy a binational perspective focuses on the usa canada shared governance of the laurentian great lakes fisheries resources and related ecological. Schmidt N. S., Harvey C. J. & Vander Zanden M. J. Historic and contemporary trophic niche partitioning among Laurentian Great Lakes coregonines. Ecol. Appl. 21, – (). Ricciardi A. Patterns of invasion in the Laurentian Great Lakes in relation to changes in vector activity. Diversity Distrib. 12, – (). NOAA.

Salmonine introductions to the Laurentian Great Lakes by Stephen Scott Crawford Download PDF EPUB FB2

E-Book: $ To access or buy, click on Book PDF link. Salmonine Introductions to the Laurentian Great Lakes Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences No. An Historical Review and Evaluation of Ecological Effects.

By Stephen S. Crawford. Pages Type e-book Published ISBN e-ISBN The introduction of salmonines to the Great Lakes date back to the s, when natural populations of native salmonines in the Great Lakes were in severe This publication provides an historical review and evaluation of documented ecological effects associated with salmonine introductions to the Laurentian Great Lakes.

This publication provides an historical review and evaluation of documented ecological effects associated with salmonine introductions to the Laurentian Great Lakes. The introduction of salmonines to the Great Lakes date back to the s, when natural populations of native salmonines in the Great Lakes were in severe decline.

Get this from a library. Salmonine introductions to the Laurentian Great Lakes: an historical review and evaluation of ecological effects.

[Stephen Scott Crawford; National Research Council Canada.] -- This publication provides an historical review and evaluation of documented ecological effects associated with salmonine introductions to the Laurentian Great Lakes.

Salmonine Introductions to the Laurentian Great Lakes: This publication provides an historical review and evaluation of documented ecological effects associated with salmonine introductions to the Laurentian Great Lakes. Visit the NRC Research Press Website. $ Introduction North America’s inland ocean, the Great Lakes (Figure ), contains ab km.

3 (5, cu. mi.) of water (enough to flood the continental United States to a depth of nearly 3 m), and covers a total area ofkm. 2 (94, sq. mi.) w km of coastline. The Great Lakes comprise the largest. Salmonine introductions to the Laurentian Great Lakes: an historical review and evaluation of ecological effects.

Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences The Laurentian Great Lakes, which form the Earth’s largest freshwater system and include o miles of coastline, are an example of a region with low seismic activity but a long history of impactful meteotsunami events, as illustrated in Fig.

1 4,11,18,29,30,31,32 (see supplemental Table S1 for a. The Laurentian Great Lakes (LGL) system in North America (LGL, Fig. 1) has the largest connected surface area (and second largest volume) of any unfrozen fresh surface water in the world (Gronewold et al. ).The catchment covers approximately 1 million km encompasses diverse climate and soil types and varied habitats including forests, wetlands, lakes, and urban areas (Wang.

The offshore fish community of Lake Ontario is presently dominated by intensively managed, nonnative species: Alewife Alosa pseudoharengus and rainbow smelt Osmerus mordax at the planktivore level and stocked salmonines at the piscivore level.

Salmonine stocking rates per unit area of Lake Ontario are the highest in the Great Lakes, and fishery managers are concerned about the sustainability. We revise the estimated date for introduction of rudd (S. erythopthalmus) to the Great Lakes basin to be significantly earlier than Mills report of the species in Lake Ontario in with a series of introductions of the species into the Finger Lakes region of New York beginning in the s.

The purpose of this review is to provide a global perspective on Oncorhynchus salmonine introductions and put-and-take fisheries based on modern stocking programs, with special emphasis on freshwater ecosystems.

We survey the global introductions of nine selected salmonines of the genus Oncorhynchus: golden trout, cutthroat trout, pink salmon, chum salmon, coho salmon. "A review and cooical eva uation of salmonine introductions to the Great Lakes." (August ) This report, prepared for the Chippewas of Na'wash First Nation, z was publicly released in August It presented a history of ° salmonine '(salmon, trouts, and charrs) introductions to the Dz Laurentian Great Lakes from thes to the present.

The Laurentian Great Lakes represent the largest collection of freshwater lakes in the world, with a total water surface area of km surface area of each Great Lake varies from 19 km 2 for Ontario to 82 km 2 for Superior, while the average depth ranges from 19 m for Erie to m for Superior.

The Great Lakes were formed from meltwater as the Laurentide ice sheet receded. Crawford, S.S. Salmonine introductions to the Laurentian Great Lakes: an historical review and evaluation of ecological effects.

Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences,Bethesda, Md. Google Scholar. -Association of alewife as main salmonine forage species with low egg thiamine concentration and the presence of early mortality syndrome (EMS) in North American lakes.

salmonine stocking in the early s. Relaxation of the Introduction The Laurentian Great Lakes have been subject to accelerated ecological This book originated from a symposium jointly sponsored by the International Association of Great Lakes Research and the Aquatic Ecosystem Health and.

found: Crawford, S.S. Salmonine intro. to the Laurentian Great Lakes, p. 4 (the five Laurentian Great Lakes (Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie, and Ontario) found: Qualifier (North America) added to distinguish from Great Lakes (Africa) Change Notes.

new. revised. Backus et al. () were the first to document measurable concentrations of perchlorate in waters within the Laurentian Great Lakes (LGL) watershed of North America ().Recently Poghosyan et al. () published perchlorate concentrations for all of the LGL and, based largely on isotope evidence, they concluded that the perchlorate in these lakes is dominantly of natural origin.

Introduction The Laurentian Great Lakes in central North America (hereafter “Great Lakes”) are home to 35 million Canadian and U.S.

citi-zens. The Great Lakes waterways themselves are important for transportation, fishing, mu-nicipal and industrial water supplies, and. The introduction of salmonines to the Great Lakes date back to the s, when natural populations of native salmonines in the Great Lakes were in severe decline.

This title presents an historical review and evaluation of documented ecological effects associated with salmonine introductions to the Laurentian Great Lakes. Tanner and his chief assistant, the late Wayne Tody -- who would succeed Tanner and introduce chinook salmon -- also were introducing a non-native species into the fresh waters of the Great Lakes.

Understanding Great Lakes water elevation dynamics on shorter time scales (such as monthly and annual scales) is commonly based on a cumulative assessment of the individual components of the net supply of water (i.e., precipitation, evaporation, and runoff) within the Great Lakes basin.

Crawford, S.S. Salmonine introductions to the Laurentian Great Lakes: a historical review and evaluation of ecological effects. Canadian Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences Book: Cross, F.B. Handbook of fishes of Kansas.

Salmonine introductions to the Laurentian Great Lakes: an historical review and evaluation of ecological effects / by: Crawford, Stephen Scott, Published: () Lancaster Ave., Villanova, PA Contact. INTRODUCTION. Despite their status as a relatively young lake system (ca.

11, years since Wisconsin glacial period; Dyke and Prest, ; Larson and Schaetzl, ), the Laurentian Great Lakes (LGL) have been influenced by a wide variety of environmental factors, both natural and the lakes transitioned from a glacial meltwater system to the present-day.

Top-Down Effects of Open-Water Salmonine Predators in the Great Lakes1 James R. Bence2, Norine E. Dobiesz2,3, Charles P. Madenjian4, Ray Argyle4, Richard Barbiero5, James N. Bowlby6, Randall M.

Claramunt7, Robert O’Gorman8, and Ted Schaner6 1This report is based in part on a presentation at a workshop on Salmonid Communities in Oligotrophic Lakes II convened at Le Manoir du Lac Delage.

Salmonine introductions to the Laurentian Great Lakes: an historical review and evaluation of ecological effects / Stephen S. Crawford. QL S2 C73 Habitat, distribution and abundance of juvenile lake trout, sculpin and burbot in four small, precambrian shield lakes in Ontario / Chris Davis.

The Great Lakes region encompasses the largest freshwater lake network in the world and supports a diverse network of agriculture, transportation, and tourism. Recently, Lake Erie has experienced increased hypoxia events, which have been attributed to.

Find some of the history of the Fisheries on the Great Lakes here. Some of this information may be a bit dated but is still worth a read. Mass Marking Letter. Salmonine Introductions to the Laurentian Great Lakes. IJC Invite Comments for Upper Great Lakes. New tapeworm found in Great Lakes fish.

Coho have vanished from Lake Michigan. Introduction The objective of the first International Symposium on Salmonid Communities in Oligotrophic Lakes (SCOL-1) in was to assess the effects of cultural eutrophication, ex-ploitation, and species introductions on the native fish com-munities of the Laurentian Great Lakes and other large lakes from European settlement to the late s.1 Introduction The Laurentian Great Lakes’ region, spanning close tokm2, is home to some 40 million people and hosts economic activities worth hundreds of billions of dollars each year (MacKay and Seglenieks ).

In this context, anticipating how climate change may.Impact of Introduction: Competes with native lake trout, Salvelinus namaycush, in the Great Lakes (Page and Laird ).Chinook salmon is a predatory fish and as such may impact populations of smaller fish.

Some agencies in Lakes Michigan and Ontario drastically reduced their stocking quotas in the 's for Chinook salmon and are concerned about their impact on the fish community, namely.